Xuan Zhao


The narrative distance of filmrefers to the quantitative difference of narrative information between the grand videographer, the narrator, the audience and the characters, based on the differencesin cognitive range, moral cultivation and aesthetic ability. It can be divided into three categories: the cognitive, the emotional and moral, and the aesthetic, presenting a variety of distance patterns such as identity, intervention, identification, and sympathy. Filmdisplays and adjusts narrative distance in various ways, in order to achieve narrative functions such as suspense, surprise, and even joke and irony. Looking at narrative distance at the level of narrative ethics, we need to focus on the ethical constraints in terms of “superiority” and “proximity” and reflect the moral implications in the narrative distance of films.


narrative distance of film, great videographer, unreliable narrative, narrative ethics

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