Nelson Goodman holds that there are two forms of symbolizing，namely，denotation and exemplification． In denotation， a symbol is used to refer to an object，while in exemplification the exemplifier has a label or is referred to by a label． Exemplification explains how abstract works perform symbolic functions and express metaphorical exemplifiers． Being highly creative and influential，Goodman's theory is valuable and can serve as a reference for Chinese scholars．
denotation, exemplification, expression
"Nelson Goodman on Exemplification,"
Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art: Vol. 41
, Article 19.
Available at: https://tsla.researchcommons.org/journal/vol41/iss2/19