Merleau-Ponty had revised Husserl's phenomenology of speech and Saussure's structuralist linguistics and developed his own phenomenology of speech, gaining insight into the intersubjectivity between speech and individual. His phenomenological research also shows that literary speech as a deviant form of everyday speech can not only boost the historical formation of the individual but also inherit something profound from the history.
Jia, Wei. 2015. "The Ethical Responsibility of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenological Theory of Literature: On the Promoting Agency of Literary Language to the Formation of the Individual." Theoretical Studies in Literature and Art 35, (2): pp.163-170. https://tsla.researchcommons.org/journal/vol35/iss2/18